Thickeners are substances which increase the viscosity of a foodstuff.

Code Material CEFF approved
E 263 Calcium acetate Yes Yes
E 327 Calcium lactate Yes Yes
E 336 Potassium tartrates Yes Yes
E 339 Sodium phosphates Yes Yes
E 340 Potassium phosphates Yes Yes
E 341 Calcium phosphates Yes Yes
E 400 Alginic acid Yes Yes
E 401 Sodium alginate Yes Yes
E 402 Potassium alginate Yes Yes
E 403 Ammonium alginate Yes Yes
E 404 Calcium alginate Yes Yes
E 405 Propane-1,2-diol alginate Yes Yes
E 406 Agar Yes Yes
E 407 Carrageenan Yes Yes
E 407a Processed eucheuma seaweed Yes Yes
E 410 Locust bean gum; carob gum Yes Yes
E 412 Guar gum Yes Yes
E 413 Tragacanth Yes Yes
E 414 Acacia gum; gum arabic Yes Yes
E 415 Xanthan gum Yes Yes
E 416 Karaya gum Yes Yes
E 417 Tara gum Yes Yes
E 418 Gellan gum Yes Yes
E 420 Sorbitol, Sorbitol syrup No No
E 422 Glycerol Yes Yes
E 425 Konjac Yes Yes
E 426 Soybean hemicellulose Yes Yes
E 427 Cassia gum Yes Yes
E 440 Pectins Yes Yes
E 451 Triphosphates Yes Yes
E 460 Glycerol esters of wood rosins Yes Yes
E 461 Methyl cellulose Yes Yes
E 462 Ethyl cellulose Yes Yes
E 463 Hydroxypropyl cellulose Yes Yes
E 464 Hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose Yes Yes
E 465 Ethyl methyl cellulose Yes Yes
E 466 Carboxy methyl cellulose Yes Yes
E 469 Enzymatically hydrolysed carboxy methyl cellulose Yes Yes
E 500 Sodium carbonates Yes Yes
E 966 Lactitol No No
E 967 Xylitol No No
E 968 Erythritol No No
E 1200 Polydextrose Yes Yes
E 1201 Polyvinylpyrrolidone Yes Yes
E 1404 Oxidised starch Yes Yes
E 1410 Monostarch phosphate Yes Yes
E 1412 Distarch phosphate Yes Yes
E 1413 Phosphated distarch phosphate Yes Yes
E 1414 Acetylated distarch phosphate Yes Yes
E 1420 Acetylated starch Yes Yes
E 1422 Acetylated distarch adipate Yes Yes
E 1440 Hydroxyl propyl starch Yes Yes
E 1442 Hydroxy propyl distarch phosphate Yes Yes
E 1450 Starch sodium octenyl succinate Yes Yes
E 1451 Acetylated oxidised starch Yes Yes
E 1452 Starch aluminium Octenyl succinate Yes Yes