Stabilisers are substances which make it possible to maintain the physico-chemical state of a foodstuff; stabilisers include substances which enable the maintenance of a homogenous dispersion of two or more immiscible substances in a foodstuff, substances which stabilise, retain or intensify an existing colour of a foodstuff and substances which increase the binding capacity of the food, including the formation of cross-links between proteins enabling the binding of food pieces into re-constituted food.

Code Material CEFF approved
E 170 Calcium carbonate Yes Yes
E 249 Potassium nitrite No No
E 250 Sodium nitrite No No
E 251 Sodium nitrate No No
E 252 Potassium nitrate No No
E 263 Calcium acetate Yes Yes
E 327 Calcium lactate Yes Yes
E 331 Sodium citrates Yes Yes
E 332 Potassium citrates Yes Yes
E 335 Sodium tartrates Yes Yes
E 336 Potassium tartrates Yes Yes
E 337 Sodium potassium tartrate Yes Yes
E 339 Sodium phosphates Yes Yes
E 340 Potassium phosphates Yes Yes
E 400 Alginic acid Yes Yes
E 401 Sodium alginate Yes Yes
E 402 Potassium alginate Yes Yes
E 403 Ammonium alginate Yes Yes
E 404 Calcium alginate Yes Yes
E 405 Propane-1,2-diol alginate Yes Yes
E 406 Agar Yes Yes
E 407 Carrageenan Yes Yes
E 407a Processed eucheuma seaweed Yes Yes
E 410 Locust bean gum; carob gum Yes Yes
E 412 Guar gum Yes Yes
E 413 Tragacanth Yes Yes
E 414 Acacia gum; gum arabic Yes Yes
E 415 Xanthan gum Yes Yes
E 416 Karaya gum Yes Yes
E 417 Tara gum Yes Yes
E 418 Gellan gum Yes Yes
E 426 Soybean hemicellulose Yes Yes
E 431 Polyoxyethene (40) stearate Yes Yes
E 432 Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monolaurate; Polysorbate 20 Yes Yes
E 433 Polyoxyethylene sorbitan mono-oleate; Polysorbate 80 Yes Yes
E 434 Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monopalmitate; Polysorbate 40 Yes Yes
E 435 Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monostearate; (Polysorbate 60, Tween 60) Yes Yes
E 436 Polyoxyethylene sorbitan tristearate; (Polysorbate 65, Tween 65) Yes Yes
E 440 Pectins Yes Yes
E 444 Sucrose acetate isobutyrate Yes Yes
E 445 Glycerol esters of wood rosins Yes Yes
E 450 Diphosphates Yes Yes
E 452 Polyphosphates Yes Yes
E 459 Beta-cyclodextrin Yes Yes
E 461 Methyl cellulose Yes Yes
E 462 Ethyl cellulose Yes Yes
E 463 Hydroxypropyl cellulose Yes Yes
E 464 Hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose Yes Yes
E 465 Ethyl methyl cellulose Yes Yes
E 466 Carboxy methyl cellulose Yes Yes
E 468 Crosslinked sodium carboxy methyl cellulose Yes Yes
E 469 Enzymatically hydrolysed carboxy methyl cellulose Yes Yes
E 470 (a) Sodium, potassium and calcium salts of fatty acids Yes Yes
E 470 (b) Magnesium salts of fatty acids Yes Yes
E 471 Mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids Yes Yes
E 472 Acetic acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids Yes Yes
E 481 Sodium stearoyl-2-lactylate Yes Yes
E 482 Calcium stearoyl-2-lactylate Yes Yes
E 501 Potassium carbonates Yes Yes
E 504 Magnesium carbonates Yes Yes
E 511 Magnesium chloride Yes Yes
E 512 Stannous chloride Yes Yes
E 517 Ammonium sulphate Yes Yes
E 522 Aluminium potassium sulphate Yes Yes
E 523 Aluminium ammonium sulphate Yes Yes
E 528 Magnesium hydroxide Yes Yes
E 579 Ferrous gluconate Yes Yes
E 585 Ferrous lactate Yes Yes
E 965 (i) Maltitol, (ii) Maltitol syrup No No
E 967 Xylitol No No
E 968 Erythritol No No
E 1103 Invertase Yes Yes
E 1200 Polydextrose Yes Yes
E 1201 Polyvinylpyrrolidone Yes Yes
E 1202 Polyvinylpolypyrrolidone Yes Yes
E 1404 Oxidised starch Yes Yes
E 1410 Monostarch phosphate Yes Yes
E 1412 Distarch phosphate Yes Yes
E 1413 Phosphated distarch phosphate Yes Yes
E 1414 Acetylated distarch phosphate Yes Yes
E 1420 Acetylated starch Yes Yes
E 1422 Acetylated distarch adipate Yes Yes
E 1440 Hydroxyl propyl starch Yes Yes
E 1442 Hydroxy propyl distarch phosphate Yes Yes
E 1450 Starch sodium octenyl succinate Yes Yes
E 1451 Acetylated oxidised starch Yes Yes
E 1452 Starch aluminium Octenyl succinate Yes Yes
E 1505 Triethyl citrate Yes Yes